What is Oligospermia?
Oligospermia means low sperm count. When you ejaculate, the fluid or semen that you produce during an orgasm contains fewer than normal sperms it is called oligospermia.
Oligospermia is different from azoospermia, which is the complete absence of sperm. Your sperm count is considered low if you ejaculate less than 15 million sperm per millilitre of sperm. A healthy sperm count increases the odd for fertilization with your partner’s egg, resulting in a pregnancy. Nonetheless, men with a low sperm count may still be able to get pregnant with their partners.
Typically, a male may experience other sexual conditions with oligospermia, such as the inability to get or maintain an erection, as well as produce ejaculation at orgasm.
Having a low sperm count decreases the odds that one of your sperm will fertilize your partner's egg, resulting in pregnancy. Nonetheless, many men who have a low sperm count are still able to father a child.
Things you need to infer:
- Mild oligospermia is when your sperm count is between 10 to 15 million sperm/mL.
- Moderate oligospermia is sperm count somewhere between 5 to 10 million sperm/mL.
- Severe oligospermia is diagnosed when sperm counts decline between 0 and 5 million sperm/mL.
- The cause of low sperm amounts in the semen is not diagnosed yet. This is not common, as only men who have difficulty with natural conceiving may be diagnosed.
The first and foremost sign linked to low sperm count is the inability of men to conceive a child. Perhaps no other obvious signs are present. In some men, an underlying problem such as a hormonal imbalance, dilated testicular veins, inherited chromosomal abnormality could lead to the possible signs and symptoms.
Low sperm count symptoms might include:
- Problems with sexual function could mean low sex drive or difficulty maintaining an erection.
- Pain, swelling or a lump in the testicle area
- Changes in the facial or body hair or other signs linked to chromosome or hormone abnormality
It is imperative to consult your doctor if you have not been able to get pregnant with your partner after a year of unprotected sex.
Several reasons linked to the existence of oligospermia may include:
Enlarged veins in a man’s scrotum may hamper the blood flow to the testicles. This can cause result in an increased temperature in the testicles that eventually affects the sperm count or production. About 40% of men with low sperm count have this reason for not being able to get pregnant.
Retrograde ejaculation is a typical issue that is linked to the risk of oligospermia. The typical cause of retrograde ejaculation is the semen that flows back to the bladder instead of leaving from the tip of the penis. Conditions that may affect typical ejaculations include injuries, tumours or cancers, etc.
The brain and the testicles secrete several hormones that are responsible for ejaculation and sperm production. So when there is an imbalance in these hormones, it may likely result in decreased sperm count numbers.
Exposure to chemicals and metals
Pesticides, painting materials, cleaning agents, etc., may also result in decreased sperm count. Exposure to heavy metals may cause this problem.
Beta-blockers, antibiotics, medications to reduce blood pressure may also cause ejaculation and results in a decreased sperm count.
Sexually transmitted infections that spread through viruses is yet another cause of low sperm count.
Keeping laptops over the genitals wearing tight clothes, etc., may contribute to overheating. An increase in temperature around the testicles may reduce sperm production. The long term complications of this are still not known yet.
Drug and alcohol use
The use of drugs or other substances may also impact the sperm count. Alcohol also has an effect on the same. Likewise, men who smoke cigarettes may have sperm counts compared to men who do not.
Being obese also increases the risk for low sperm counts in a variety of ways. Weight gain is also related to hormonal variation, which tends to affect the production of sperm count.
Ayurvedic treatment for Oligospermia
Ayurveda is the oldest approach to improve longevity and prevent many health conditions using a mind, body connection. The inherent principles of nature are very helpful in the management of oligospermia.
Ayurveda relates oligospermia with ‘Shukra Kshaya’. Ayurveda does not directly relate to low sperm count but sperm movement or quality of semen as ‘Shukra Lakshana’.
In Ayurveda, it also indicated that semen which is white, sticky, heavy, more in quantity or that looks like honey or oil, ghee, is considered fertile and healthy.
At AyuKarma, we use the concepts of Ayurveda in the management of health conditions, including a low sperm count. There are herbs known for their rejuvenating properties and therapies to help the body get rid of toxins while stabilizing the equilibrium of the body and mind.
Procedures like Panchakarma are used to attain natural healing. The treatment is extended to the administration of Rasayanas, Vajikarana, or herbal concoctions for detoxification.
We also lay emphasis on diet and lifestyle modifications, which helps in producing healthy semen or sperm.
If you have any sexual problems and looking for a solution, you can talk to our ayurvedic physicians.