AyuKarma Ayurveda

Ovarian cysts

What is Ovarian Cysts?

Cysts are sac-like membranes containing fluid and many other substances. Ovarian cysts, likewise, are sacs of tissues in an ovary or on its surface. In a woman’s reproductive system, there are two ovaries on each side of the uterus, shaped like almonds.

Eggs, which develop and mature in the ovaries, are released in the monthly cycle during the childbearing years. Further, the hormones like estrogen and progesterone are released by healthy ovaries.

Given the lifestyle we are addressing, ovarian cysts have become a common problem. Though some ovarian cysts come with no pain and discomfort and remain harmless throughout their life, some can be potentially harmful.

Ovarian cysts, those that bursts, can cause serious or potential health threats. The problem becomes more severe when cysts do not go away. Such cysts may become painful, and there is also a possibility of cancer, but this happens rarely.

Ovarian cysts are common in women who are pregnant or who have not experienced menopause yet. It is common to have kidney cysts as a part of your menstrual cycle and not to know about them. Such cysts are nonharmful and go away without any definite treatment.

Types of Ovarian Cysts

There are various types of ovarian cysts, such as dermoid cysts, Endometriomas, and Cystadenomas.

The most common type of cysts is functional cysts- follicle and corpus luteum cysts. Other types of cysts are less common.

Functional Cysts

Each month, ovaries grow cyst-like structures called follicles. Follicles produce the hormones estrogen and progesterone and release eggs at the time of ovulation.

If this follicle keeps on growing, it is called functional cysts. There are two types of functional cysts, namely:

Follicle Cyst

Normally, the follicle is filled with fluid. Mostly, this follicle or sac breaks open and releases eggs. But in a rare condition, if the follicle does not break, the fluid inside can result in ovaries on the ovaries.

Corpus Luteum Cysts

Follicle sacs typically dissolve after the release of the egg. But, if the sac does not dissolve and the follicle seals, extra fluid may add to the sac, and this buildup of fluid causes a corpus luteum cyst.

Other types of ovarian cysts include:

  • Dermoid Cysts: Sac-like growths on the ovaries that are mostly filled with fat, hair, and other tissue.
  • Cystadenomas: Growths on the outer surfaces of the ovaries, mostly noncancerous.
  • Endometriomas: Normally, certain tissues grow inside the uterus. But in endometriomas, these tissues may grow inside the uterus and join themselves to the ovaries, resulting in a cyst.

Polycystic ovary syndrome is yet another condition in which numerous cysts grow in the ovaries. Too many small cysts enlarge the size of the ovaries. Treatment is necessary to prevent the risk of infertility later in life.

PCOD or PCS can affect the women’s menstrual cycle and leads to potential health threats.

Signs and Symptoms

Usually, ovarian cysts do not come with alarming signs. However, if they start to grow, many complications may appear, such as:

  • abdominal bloating or swelling
  • breast tenderness
  • irritable bowel movements
  • pain in the pelvic area before or during the menstrual cycle
  • painful intercourse
  • pain in the lower back or thighs
  • nausea and vomiting

Most cysts go away on their own without any treatment. However, a large number of cysts can cause:

  • severe or sharp pelvic pain
  • fever
  • faintness or dizziness
  • rapid breathing

These signs can indicate a ruptured cyst or an ovarian torsion. Ovarian torsion can cause intense pain and other signs because of impaired blood supply to the ovary and fallopian tube. In both cases, immediate medical interventions are needed, or they may lead to serious consequences.

Risk Factors

Your risk of ovarian cysts gets swelled by:

  • Hormonal Problems. Women who experience infertility are prescribed hormonal drugs, which are used to trigger ovulation.
  • Pregnancy. Many times, during ovulation, the cysts that grow on the ovaries stay on it throughout the pregnancy.
  • Pelvic Infection. A severe pelvic infection may spread to the ovaries and result in cysts’ growth.
  • Past Ovarian Cyst. If you have had an ovarian cyst in the past, likely, you develop more in the future.
  • Endometriosis. This condition causes uterine endometrial cells to grow into your uterus. Some of these tissues attach themselves to the ovary and result in sac-like growth.

Ayurvedic treatment for ovarian cysts

According to Ayurveda, cysts come in the classification of Kaphaj Granth or Granthi Aartav Dosha. In Ayurveda, Aartav means ovaries, and Granthi means hard mass or cysts. As Ayurveda considers the disease to be an occurrence of doshas imbalance, cysts are the result of aggravation of Kapha, along with Pitta and Vata doshas. The channels and tissues associated with ovarian cysts are Artava Vaha Srotas, Rasa, and Rakta dhatus, which creates favorable conditions for the ovarian cysts to grow.

The increased impurities and toxins in such dhatus indicate too many cysts.

As a treatment approach, AyuKarma believes in incorporating healthy diet and lifestyle strategies to bring down the levels of toxins. Stress and lack of physical activity also contribute to the imbalance of doshas. Chronic stress cause hormonal changes, which results in outer growth on female reproductive organs,

To help, we have procedures and therapies to detoxify and cleanse the body of toxins and calm down the vitiated doshas. At every step, a patient’s health is our priority, and we never mind going along the lines to provide the best treatment experience.

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