What is Paralysis?
Paralysis is damage to the relay system of the body. When this happens, signals may not make up to the muscles, and you cannot move partially or the whole of your body. Paralysis is when your body is not able to make a connection with your brain. It comes in many different forms; primarily, it can be temporary or permanent or may come and go.
Those with Paralysis due to a sudden injury or a congenital disability may not feel anything at all in the affected area of the body. But if Paralysis is a result of some underlying medical condition, like multiple sclerosis, there could be tingling or muscle sensation in the affected area.
Paralysis can cause problems with breathing and affect the functioning of the other organs. A person with a paralysis attack may have difficulty speaking or swallowing, or controlling bowel or urinary urges. Depending upon which portion of the body is affected and by how much, Paralysis may affect everyone differently.
Types of Paralysis
Partial or incomplete Paralysis is when you can still feel your body or be in control of your paralyzed muscles. Partial Paralysis is also called paresis.
Complete Paralysis is when your body cannot move at all, and you cannot control paralyzed muscles at all. Unlike partial Paralysis, you may not feel anything in those muscles.
Localized Paralysis affects distinct areas or portions of the body, such as your face, hands, arms, or feet, etc.
Generalized Paralysis is spread to the body and further classified by how much your body is affected. Mostly it is categorized based on which part of your brain is damaged. It is further broken down into the following types:
- Monoplegia: It is a type of generalized Paralysis that affects only one limb.
- Diplegia: In this type, the same portion on both sides of the body is affected, like both sides of the face, legs, or arms.
- Hemiplegia: It affects just one side of the body, usually due to a stroke, and results in damage to one part of the brain.
- Quadriplegia (or Tetraplegia): It occurs when all four limbs are paralyzed, followed by immobility in certain organs.
- Paraplegia: Also named as lower body paralysis, which affects hips and a lower body portion.
- Locked-in syndrome: Rarely locked-in syndrome affects anyone. But if this is the case, a person loses control over the muscles except those linked with eye movements.
Paralysis can make you stiff when your muscles are tight. Most people with cerebral palsy have spastic Paralysis. Over time, these muscles may turn sag and shrink eventually.
Signs and Symptoms
Symptoms may depend on the type and the underlying cause of Paralysis. Ostensibly, you may experience loss of muscle function in one or more parts of the body.
Other symptoms that may come along include:
- numbness or pain in the affected muscles
- muscle weakness
- visible signs of muscle loss (muscle atrophy)
- involuntary spasms or twitches
The symptoms of Paralysis often appear straight away, as in the case of a head injury. Depending on the cause, signs can be temporary or permanent or may get worse with time, leading to Paralysis.
Some people are born with Paralysis, while others may have it in response to an accident or an injury, or a medical condition.
In many cases, stroke is the leading cause of Paralysis, followed by spinal cord injury and multiple sclerosis.
Other causes may include cerebral palsy. Damage to the nervous system due to any of these conditions may cause health issues like Paralysis in many.
A working nervous system sends signals to and fro from the brain and the rest of the body. The spinal cord transmits signals into the peripheral nerves throughout the body.
Damage to the nervous system may affect the functioning of the entire body and hampers the quality of life.
Some other possible causes resulting in muscle weakness or Paralysis include:
- brain or spinal cord tumors
- infections, such as meningitis, encephalitis, and polio
- spina bifida, or the incomplete development of the brain, spine, or spinal cord
- motor neuron diseases, such as ALS and primary lateral sclerosis
- autoimmune disorders such as Guillain-Barré syndrome and lupus
- inherited disorders, including spinal muscular atrophy and hypo- or hypokalemic partial Paralysis
Ayurvedic Treatment for Paralysis
In Ayurveda, Paralysis is named ‘Pakshaghata’ or Vata Vyadhi disorder. It denotes impairment in body movements and mental stability due to imbalance in doshas.
Other terms which denote Paralysis in Ayurveda include Paksha Vadha and Ekanga Vata. Ayurveda offers evidence-based treatment for Paralysis, which is inclusive of effective treatment methodologies for a healthy recovery from Paralysis.
At AyuKarma, we offer potent herbal treatment for Paralysis along with oral medications, therapies, procedures, etc.
Panchakarma, which is one of the important procedures of Ayurveda, is very helpful in paralysis management. It consists of five subprocedures, namely:
- Anuvasana Vasti,
- Shiro Virechana/nasya
Other techniques that are widely used include Snehana (oleation), Swedana (fomentation), etc.
At every step, we are dedicated to helping patients get over Paralysis safely without bringing chaotic health issues.