WHAT IS FEMALE INFERTILITY?
Infertility is the inability to get pregnant for at least a year (or 6 months if the woman is over age 35) with no success.
Having a bout of miscarriages is also called infertility. There are a number of reasons why a woman experiences infertility, such as - age, hormonal imbalance, lifestyle or environmental factors, lifestyle, and physical problems.
Women are also at risk of health issues related to insufficient production of eggs. In primary ovarian insufficiency, the ovaries may stop functioning even before they hit menopause. In polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS), the ovaries may secrete unhealthy eggs or there may be irregular production of eggs.
The causes of female infertility are hard to be diagnosed. About a third of the time, infertility is a cause of the problem with the woman, while one-third of the time, the problem is with the men. Sometimes, there is no relevant cause.
If you think you are not conceiving because of infertility, consult your OB/GYN. There are tests that can help with diagnosis. Treatment depends on the underlying cause of infertility. Likely, in many cases, women do get pregnant after trying for a year or two.
Couples who are treated for infertility can have babies without any worrisome condition.
Signs and Symptoms
One of the main indications of infertility is lacking the ability to get pregnant. Also, if your menstrual cycle is too long (exceeding 35 days) or too short (less than 21 days) or experiencing irregular or no menstruation, it indicates that you are not ovulating.
When to see a doctor
Make your consultation with your doctor, if
- You are up to 35, and you have been trying to get pregnant for at least a year.
- You are between 35 and 40 and have been trying for six months.
- You are more than 40, and getting pregnant is difficult- make an appointment with your doctor right away.
The following conditions may ask for immediate consultation from a doctor if:
- You or your partner has an underlying infertility problem
- You have a history of irregular menstruation
- You have a pelvic inflammatory disease or endometriosis
- You are experiencing repeated miscarriages
- You have had cancer treatment
Many causes may keep you from getting pregnant, such as:
Damage to your fallopian tubes. Fallopian tubes carry eggs from the ovaries, where the eggs are produced, to the uterus. If you have had any pelvic infection or surgery, or endometriosis, this may result in damage to the fallopian tube resulting in scars. Scars prevent sperm from fertilizing the egg and reaching in the tube. Thus, you may not get pregnant.
Cervical issues. Many conditions can prevent sperm from traveling down to the cervical canal.
Hormonal problems. Problems in the hormones changes process can also affect your pregnancy. The production of hormones is responsible for the egg’s release from the ovary and the thickening of the lining of the uterus, the two processes involved in fertilization.
Uterine trouble. You may have abnormalities of the uterus, such as fibroids and polyps that affect pregnancy. Uterine polyps is when there are too many cells in the lining of the uterus. Fibroids, on the other hand, are related to abnormal growth in the wall of the uterus.
In around 20% of couples who have infertility problems, the exact cause is not known.
Factors essential to get pregnant
- Your ovaries must release mature eggs.
- Your partner needs sperms.
- Regular intercourse affects the odds of getting pregnant.
- The fallopian tube should be open, where the eggs and sperms meet.
- A healthy uterus promotes the growth of the eggs.
Certain risk factors may put result in infertility, including:
- Age. As the age increases, the quality and quantity of eggs in women start to decline. This is highly curable in the mid-30s when the rate of follicle loss swells up, resulting in the production of unhealthy eggs.
- Weight. Being obese may affect the ovulation process of producing mature eggs.
- Smoking. Smoking increases your risk of miscarriage and ectopic pregnancy, in addition to damaging your cervix and fallopian tubes. Your eggs may also get affected by the toxins produced after smoking.
- Alcohol. Binge consumption of alcohol is also related to the risk of egg depletion.
- Sexual Transmitted Infections. Many sexually related infections such as chlamydia, genital sores can result in inflammation in the fallopian tubes.
Ayurvedic treatment for female infertility
Infertility does not mean that women cannot get pregnant at any time. It means they might face difficulty in conceiving a child but can have a healthy pregnancy in the future.
Ayurveda promised restoration of fertility through medicinal herbs and methodologies and therapies meant to increase the odds of getting pregnant. Along with this, a healthy diet and exercise regimen can help improve overall health. Highly processed foods such as sugar, fast food, and processed flour can affect the body in various ways, so a Satvik diet is recommended to patients undergoing ayurvedic treatment.
Foods such as cabbage, garlic, banana help balance the level of progesterone and estrogen in the body. If you include these reproductive foods in your diet, the chances of getting pregnant swell up.
Women with infertility issues are reported to have anxiety and depression, so it can be concluded that managing stress can help improve your health and results in the production of healthy and mature eggs. Plus, anxiety can have a significant alteration in the hormones and digestive functions.
So, yoga and meditation can help cope with these situations and relax your mind and body. All the elements of ayurvedic treatment work together to improve your chances of fertility.
Your doctor may order several tests, including a blood test to check hormone levels and an endometrial biopsy to examine the lining of your uterus.
Hysterosalpingography (HSG). This procedure involves ultrasound or X-rays of your reproductive organs. A doctor injects either dye or saline and air into your cervix, which travels up through your fallopian tubes. With this method, your doctor can check to see if the tubes are blocked.
Laparoscopy. Your doctor puts a laparoscope -- a slender tube fitted with a tiny camera -- through a small cut near your belly button. This lets them view the outside of your uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes to check for abnormal growths. The doctor can also see if your fallopian tubes are blocked.