Irritable bowel syndrome
What is Irritable Bowel Syndrome?
Irritable bowel syndrome or IBS is a group of conditions that denotes changes in bowel movements such as constipation or diarrhea followed by abdominal pain. It is a functional gastrointestinal disorder that doctors relate to gut-brain interactions. Scientifically, it is believed that your brain and gut function together. This relatedness between the both makes the gut sensitive and reflects changes in the muscles that control your bowel contraction.
You might have felt a change in your gut or abdominal pain when you are under chronic stress. This is your gut responding to changes in brain activity.
IBS is a chronic problem that needs to be managed in the long run with the help of medications and counseling. And only a small number of people with IBS may have severe signs and symptoms, while others can still control their signs by managing stress, lifestyle habits, and diet.
The most common sign of irritable bowel syndrome is a pain in the abdominal area, often accompanies by changes in bowel movements. These changes can be in the form of constipation, diarrhea, or both depending on the type of IBS.
Other symptoms may include:
- a feeling that you haven’t evacuated a bowel movement
- mucus in your stool
- bloating and gas
- Women with IBS may have symptoms worsening during their periods
Signs like bloating and gas usually go away after you have a bowel movement. However, some people may have constant bloating and gas even if they don’t have IBS.
Irritable bowel syndrome can be painful, but it hardly, leads to other health issues.
The underlying cause of IBS isn't known. However, some factors may contribute to the occurrence of IBS, such as:
- Weak muscle contractions. The walls of the intestines are covered with layers of muscle. These muscles normally contract as food passes through the digestive tract. However, some contractions can be stronger and last longer than others. This allows food to store in those linings, causing constipation, gas, bloating, or diarrhea. Weak intestinal contractions are often the cause that leads to hard or dry stools.
- Severe infection. IBS may also occur in response to severe episodes of diarrhea prompted by viruses or bacteria. If there are too many bacteria in the intestines, it may cause infection.
- Stress. Stress is the major psychological factor linked to the bouts of irritable bowel syndrome in early childhood.
- Nervous system. Any dysfunctionality in the nerves in the digestive system may cause extreme discomfort when your abdomen passes stool or gas. This may become more intense if there is poor communication between the brain and the intestines. This makes the brain overreact to changes during the digestive process, resulting in pain, constipation, or diarrhea.
- Fluctuations in gut microbes. Changes in the viruses, bacteria, or fungi that are located in the intestines play a vital role in the digestive system’s health. It has been found out that those with IBS may have different variants of microbes than those with a healthy digestive system.
Ayurvedic treatment for irritable bowel syndrome
Ayurvedic treatment of Irritable Bowel Syndrome at AyuKarma is based on restoring the function of the digestive system and eliminating toxins (ama) that build up in the body. The treatment focuses on calming the digestive fire (Agni) and Vata imbalance to help you cure IBS naturally.
As psychological factors also play a vital role in the occurrence of IBS, therapiesand procedures are involved in nourishing the mind. Yoga, lifestyle changes, and the Satvik diet works along with oral medicines in the treatment process.
With the help of Ayurveda, symptoms may improve in a matter of days. But in some cases, it may take an extended period of time to balance tridoshas and treat the Ama or toxins.