What is Hypertension?
Hypertension is just another name for high blood pressure. It is a condition that does not tells about the too-high force of the blood against the walls of the blood vessels.
This pressure or force depends on the resistance of the blood vessels and the amount of blood your heart pumps. The more blood your heart pumps and the smaller your arteries, the higher would be the blood pressure.
A blood pressure reading is given in millimetres of mercury (mm Hg). It is denoted by the two numbers:
Top number. Also called systolic pressure, this number checks for the pressure in arteries when your heart beats.
Bottom number. It is known as diastolic pressure. It measures the pressure in your arteries between beats.
A person may have high blood pressure for years without any subsequent signs.
But if blood pressure remains uncontrollable for long, it can lead to serious health issues, including the risk of heart attack, stroke, heart failure, and aneurysm. Fortunately, high blood pressure can be easily diagnosed.
There are two types of high blood pressure, and each one has a different cause:
Primary hypertension develops with no underlying or identifiable cause. Most people have primary or essential hypertension only. Researchers still do not know what causes the blood pressure to elevate slowly. A combination of factors may play a role in its development, including:
- Genes: Many people have a genetic predisposition to hypertension. This is due to the gene mutations inherited from one or both parents.
- Lifestyle Choices: Unhealthy or sedentary lifestyle choices can take a toll on your health. Not being physically active lets you gain more weight, which increases the risk of heart problems, including heart problems.
- Physical Changes: Changes in your body may also call certain issues with your body. For instance, high blood pressure is the result of too much fluid in the cells and tissues. With ageing, the impaired kidney function may upset the body’s natural salt and fluid balance. This, in turn, results in increased blood pressure.
The cause of secondary hypertension could be some other underlying condition. It develops abruptly in response to other medical health issues and may turn more serious than primary hypertension.
The cause may include:
- kidney disease
- congenital heart disability
- side effects of medications
- use of illegitimate drugs
- alcohol abuse
- issues with adrenal gland
- endocrine tumours
- problems with your thyroid
- obstructive sleep apnea
- Age: The risk of hypertension elevates with age. In men, hypertension is more common until the age of 64. Women are more likely to get hypertension when they are more than 65.
- Family History. In most cases, hypertension runs in the family lines
- Using Tobacco. Not only smoking, but tobacco chewing is also unhealthy for your heart function. This affects the blood flow because of toxins buildup. Secondhand smoking particularly affects your heart.
- Too much salt (sodium) in your diet. Too much salt in your diet results in fluid retention, which increases the risk of high blood pressure.
- Too little potassium in your diet. Having inappropriate levels of potassium in your diet can also raise the risk of heart problems, including hypertension. If your diet has too little potassium or you lose too much potassium due to dehydration or other health conditions, sodium may accumulate in the blood.
- Binge alcohol consumption. Binge alcohol consumption can affect your heart health. Drinking in moderation will not affect you this seriously.
- Stress. Chronic stress may also affect your health in various terms, including the risk of high blood pressure. When you are under stress, you generally shift to habits that may harm your health such as mindless eating, drinking alcohol, or use of tobacco, etc.
- Pregnancy. During pregnancy, the women’s body may produce hormones that contribute to high blood pressure.
Hypertension usually comes with no alarming signs. The signs may often resemble other conditions, so people mostly remain confused. It may take years for the signs to become apparent or obvious.
Symptoms of severe hypertension can include:
- shortness of breath
- chest pain
- blood in the urine
- visual changes
Waiting for the signs to become apparent could be fatal. They might not be experienced by everyone, so consult your doctor if you have risk factors linked to hypertension.
Ayurvedic Treatment for Hypertension
In Ayurveda, hypertension can be correlated with Raktagata Vata. It is a disorder of tri doshas imbalance. Imbalance of Vata and Pitta and vitiation Rasa
Dysfunction of Vata and Pitta doshas and Rasa, Rakta & Medovaha Srotasa are the main culprits of hypertension. Therefore treatment of hypertension in Ayurveda focuses on procedures and therapies that help with balancing vitiated life energies.
An unhealthy lifestyle also contributes to toxin buildup within which start to narrow down the function of blood vessels. Therefore, the blood has to move with so much pressure, leading to hypertension.
Proper Satvik diet, yoga, meditation, along with Ayurvedic herbs can be beneficial to balance the mind, which reduces stress and maintains blood pressure. Along with these procedures, oral administration of herbs is also prescribed to the patients so that your body attains overall health.
At AyuKarma, we are committed to the health of patients using our ayurvedic and natural approaches. You can rest assured about the quality of the treatment we offer because we never indulge in illegitimate practices to help our patients know the true value of Ayurveda.