What is Cervical Cancer?
Cervical cancer is a type of cancer that occurs in the cervix cells. Cervix is at the bottom part of the uterus that connects to the vagina.
Women who are between 35 to 44 years are more likely to get cervix cancer. More than 15% of new cases are in females who are more than 65, especially those who have not got frequent screenings.
The cervix constitutes two parts and is covered with two different types of cells.
The first is the endocervix, which is the opening of the cervix that goes to the uterus. It is layered with glandular cells.
The exocervix (or ectocervix) is the external part of the cervix that is visible to the doctor during a speculum examination. It is layered with squamous cells.
These two cells meet in the cervix in a space called the transformation zone. The exact place of the transformation is supposed to change as you age and after delivering a baby. So, this is the point where most cervix cancers grow.
Various strains of the human papillomavirus or HPV, a type of SIT, triggers most types of cervical cancer.
Usually, the body’s immune system keeps the virus from growing abnormally and doing any damage. But in a small portion of cases, the virus may survive for years, contributing to the conversion of cervical cells to turn cancerous cells.
The risk of such infections can be shrunk by frequent follow-ups and getting treatment in the first place.
Types of cervical cancer
Cervical cancers are classified based on how they look under the microscope. The main types of cervical cancers are
- Squamous cell: Around 9 out of 10 cervical cancers are squamous cell carcinomas. These cancers develop in cells in the exocervix or in the transformation zone.
- Adenocarcinoma: Less likely cervix cancers are adenocarcinomas. Adenocarcinomas primarily occur in glandular cells. Cervical adenocarcinoma develops in the mucus-producing glands of the endocervix.
Cervical cancers, if they have traits of both squamous cell carcinomas and adenocarcinomas, are called adenosquamous carcinomas or mixed carcinomas.
All cervical cancers are either squamous cell carcinomas or adenocarcinomas, while less likely other types of cancer also can grow in the cervix.
These other types, such as sarcoma, melanoma, and lymphoma, tend to develop more commonly in other parts of the body.
Signs and Symptoms
The symptoms of cervical cancer do not always seem apparent. Until you reach an advanced stage, you may not experience them either.
Abnormal vaginal bleeding you will notice:
- between your periods
- during or after sex
- after you have reached the stage of menopause
Other symptoms include pain and discomfort during sex followed by unusual or foul smelly vaginal discharge and pain in your lower back or pelvis.
Advanced cervical cancer
If cancer spreads to the other organs and into the surrounding tissue, you may also observe signs like:
- pain in your lower back or around the pelvis
- severe pain in your side or back caused by your kidneys
- losing control of your bladder or bowel movements
- blood in your urine
- swelling in one or both legs
- severe vaginal bleeding
Cervical Cancer Causes
Cervical cancer begins with abnormal changes in your tissues. Mostly, it is linked to infection with human papillomavirus (HPV).
Some risk factors that raise your risk of cervical cancer include:
- Having more than one sexual partner. The more sexual partners you have, the greater your chance of getting infected with HPV.
- Early sexual activity. Having sex at an early age can increase your risk of HPV.
- Sexually transmitted infections (STIs). STIs also add to the risk of HPV, including gonorrhoea, chlamydia, syphilis, and HIV/AIDS.
- A weakened immune system. With faults in the immune system, your risk of cervical cancer manifolds, especially if you have HPV.
- Smoking. Smoking cigars is linked to the risk of squamous cell cervical cancer.
Ayurvedic treatment for cervical cancer
In Ayurveda, cancer falls under the aegis of Granthi and Arbuda. Both can be inflammatory or non-inflammatory, depending on which doshas of the body is affected. Doshas or life energy basically constitute energy, and every human has distinctive sets of energy. Changes in the doshas or aggravation of them also affect your reasons for illness.
These doshas basically govern the psychophysiological response and pathological changes in the body. So, Ayurveda focuses on healthy coordination of the mind, body, and soul to attain health. The theory of Ayurveda focuses on the restoration of the balance between them using herbal concoctions, theories, and procedures.
At AyuKarma, we employ procedures and therapies to help our patients get over cancer growth. Our ayurvedic treatment for cancer is based on getting cancerous cells removed or destroyed using a holistic approach.
You can still continue with chemotherapy and radiotherapy procedures along with Ayurveda. Ayurveda is an integrated approach to bear the side effects of complex and intense medical interventions.
You can start immediately for advanced stage healing, and most importantly, it does not involve any surgical approach, only herbal remedies.
Ayurveda as a co-therapy with chemotherapies yields maximum results.