What is Anaemia?
Anaemia is when your body does not have enough red blood cells to supply oxygen throughout the body. In a routine blood test, anaemia is characterized by the presence of fewer red blood cells. Haemoglobin is a protein in the red blood cells that actually transports oxygen to the organs vital for health.
During the routine test, a low haemoglobin level indicates anaemia. Having low oxygen affects the functioning of other organs that rely on oxygen for their work, such as your heart. Women and young children are more likely to have anaemia than men do.
Fast check son anaemia
- Certain forms of anaemia run down through the family lines, and newborns may have it from birth.
- Anaemia can be of different types, and all of them have different causes. Some of them are related to pregnancy, which is not an intense form. The other forms may reflect severe underlying medical conditions.
- The reason for anaemia in women or iron-deficiency anaemia is the blood loss due to menstruation and higher blood supply demands during pregnancy.
- Older adults are at risk of anaemia is because of underlying conditions such as kidney disease or other health conditions.
Aplastic anaemia develops when the body stops producing enough red blood cells to meet the body needs, leaving you fatigued and more prone to infections and bleeding.
It is a prevalent type of anaemia in which the body is in scarcity of healthy red blood cells. Without healthy RBCs, the body may not function well, and you end up feeling fatigued.
Sickle cell Anaemia
In sickle cell anaemia, the red blood cells appear to be unhealthy because of their sickle shape. This sticky or rigid shape may cause them to stick in the blood vessels, creating an obstruction in the blood flow.
It is a blood disorder that causes the body to have less haemoglobin than your body needs.
Vitamin deficiency Anaemia
Vitamin deficiency anaemia occurs if your diet does not have food that contains folate, vitamin B-12 or vitamin C or if the body cannot absorb or process these vitamins.
Initially, you may not notice any signs linked to anaemia as they tend to be mild or confusing or tricky. Certainly, signs develop when your red blood cells die off. Depending on the cause of anaemia, signs may relate to:
- Fast or unusual heartbeat
- Fever and chills
- Dizziness, lightheadedness, or feel like you are about to pass out
- Pain, including in your bones, chest, belly, and joints
- Delayed growth in children and teens
- Shortness of breath
- Skin that’s pale or yellow
- Cold hands and feet
- Tiredness or weakness
Anaemia usually happens when the blood does not have enough red blood cells. There could be a number of reasons why you don’t have an adequate number of red blood cells.
The possible reason for this could be:
- Your body doesn't make enough red blood cells
- Bleeding causes you to lose red blood cells more frequently than they can be replaced
- Your body destroys more red blood cells than it produces
Other causes depend on the type of anaemia, such as:
Iron deficiency anaemia. The underlying cause is a deficiency of iron in the body. The bone marrow needs iron to produce RBCs. Its deficiency may not allow the body to produce enough blood cells. Mostly, this occurs in pregnant women. Other causes may include loss of blood, heavy menstrual bleeding, use of OTC painkillers, ulcer, cancer, etc.
Vitamin deficiency anaemia. The body also needs vitamin B-12 and folate to secrete RBCs. If you do not consume enough vitamins, it is likely going to affect the production of RBCs. It may also happen that you may consume enough B-12, but the body is not able to absorb this vitamin properly.
Anaemia of inflammation. Inflammatory conditions such as kidney disease, HIV/AIDS, cancer, rheumatoid and other acute or chronic inflammatory diseases can also interfere with the production of red blood cells.
Anaemia links to bone marrow disease. Conditions such as myelofibrosis, leukaemia can also affect the production of RBCs in the bone marrow.
Hemolytic anaemia. Hemolytic anaemia is either inherited or developed later in life. Besides, blood cancers or diseases may also lead to RBCs destruction.
Aplastic anaemia. The cause of this form of anaemia is the low production of red blood cells. Causes can be many such as infections, exposure to toxic chemicals, autoimmune disease, medicines, etc.
Sickle cell anaemia. It's caused by haemoglobin that causes red blood cells to assume an abnormal sickle shape. These irregular blood cells die prematurely, resulting in low RBCs.
Ayurvedic treatment for anaemia
Ayurveda identifies disease to be a result of doshas imbalance, namely Vata, Pitta, and Kapha. There are three different types of anaemia, as caused by three doshas:
Vata: This type of anaemia is caused by iron deficiency. The symptoms usually include rough, dry and pale skin, breathlessness, constipation or dark stool, and cracking of joints.
Pitta: This form of anaemia is caused due to liver diseases such as hepatitis and vitamin B12 deficiency. It is the primary one. The signs usually include fatigue, dizziness, yellow eyes, dark coloured urine, sensitivity to light, dark brown stools, etc.
Kapha: The cause is a deficiency of energy protein, causing swelling in the body.
The underlying treatment of anaemia depends on the root cause of the problem. Usually, oral medicines are administered to the patients to improve the level of RBCs. Followed by this, therapeutical procedures are performed to ensure that your doshas remain stable in the body.
In no way, this treatment can be unhelpful but permanent approach to treating the disease.
At AyuKarma, we use treatment approaches that are specific to your health and your body type. This approach of Ayurveda to customize medicines based on the inner strength, body type, and doshas tendency is very helpful in improving overall health.
If you or anyone in your family has anaemia and looking for a natural approach to it, you can connect with us.