What is Knee Pain?
Pain in the knee is a common problem that affects people of all age groups. Knee pain is often a result of an injury or accident, or growing age. It begins gradually and slowly gets worse.
It may originate in any of the bony structures of the knee joint- the kneecap, tendons, ligaments, and cartilage of the knee. Over time, conditions like living a sedentary lifestyle, obesity affect the surrounding muscles of the knee and its movements.
Medical conditions also trigger pain in the knee, including arthritis, gout, infections, etc.
Initially, knee pain can do better with self-care measures and therapies. But chronic knee pain is hard to reverse.
Signs and Symptoms
The intensity of the knee pain may vary depending on the underlying cause. Signs and symptoms are generalized and mostly look like:
- Swelling and stiffness
- Redness, tenderness, and warmth to the touch
- Popping noises in the joints
- Instability to the joints
- Dull burning discomfort
Immediately make an appointment with your doctor if you think your knee is unstable, or there is extreme pain when you move.
Temporary knee pain is different from chronic pain. Sometimes knee pain develops on account of an injury or an accident.
Medical conditions that are linked to the cause of knee pain include:
- Osteoarthritis: Pain, inflammation, and stiffness as caused due to the degeneration of the joints.
- Tendinitis: Inflammation of the connective tissues between your muscles and bones, which becomes severe when climbing, taking stairs, or sliding up.
- Bursitis: Inflammation due to overwork of the knee.
- Gout: A condition of uric acid buildup in the blood that affects joints in the knees.
- Rheumatoid arthritis: A chronic autoimmune inflammatory disorder that results in pain and swelling, which eventually leads to joint deformity.
- Chondromalacia patella: Kneecap has cartilage which may become injured.
- Baker’s cyst: Accumulation of synovial fluid that adds grease to the joint.
- Dislocation: Trauma or injury may result in the dislocation of the kneecap.
- Bone tumours: Osteosarcoma is cancer that stems in the cells that form bones. It mostly occurs in the knee.
- Meniscus tear: Break in one or more of the cartilage in the knee.
- Torn ligament: Break off the four ligaments in the knee. Most commonly, it is a ligament in the anterior cruciate ligament.
Factors that may worsen knee pain include:
- injuries that alter the structure of the knee can cause bleeding and swelling and triggers problem over time if not managed well
- overuse of joints or knees
- infection or inflammation
- bad posture when doing physical activity
- not warming up before or after physical activity
- improperly stretching the muscles
- sprains and strains
- excessive sitting in one position such as in the workplace
A number of conditions can raise your risk of developing knee problems, including:
Excess weight: Excess weight or obesity can lay excess emphasis on the knee, even during ordinary activities like walking or using stairs. If your BMI is more than normal, you are at an increased risk of osteoarthritis, which also impacts your pain.
Lack of muscle flexibility: A lack of strength and flexibility can induce your risk of knee injuries. Strong muscles allow your joints to stabilize, and flexibility in the muscles can help you get a range of motion.
Certain sports or occupations: Some sports levy stress on the knees, such as skiing with ski boots. There is a potential risk of falls with such activities. Also, jobs that require repetitive stress on the knees, such as construction or labour work, also elevate the risk of knee pain.
Previous injury: Having a previous knee injury increases your risk of knee injury again in future.
Ayurvedic treatment for Knee Pain
Ayurveda lays emphasis on life energy or doshas in order to indicate the existence of any disease. Knee or joint pain in Ayurveda is related to Vata imbalance or Ama. Aggravation of Vata may weaken circulation, metabolism and affect your capability to digest food. As a result of this, the bone tissue may not get the nourishment required to function properly. This also results in Ama accumulation in the channels of the body. Poor lubrication due to vitiated Vata and Ama buildup can cause discomfort in the knees or joints and lead to pain or swelling or even cracks or cause them to be inflexible.
Ama is also responsible for heaviness and stiffness in the joints. Coldness and humidity can worsen your situation even more and intensify the signs. So, it is quite common to experience inflammation, swelling, and pain in the joints.
As a matter of luck, there are treatments in Ayurveda that help to mend these problems and result in subsiding the signs. Ayurveda also focuses on a healthy diet and procedures to restore strength and movement in the affected area.
At AyuKarma, we are committed to helping our patients get better with our ayurvedic treatment methodologies. Our Ayurvedic physicians are skilled and trained in keeping up with bodily function.
If you want to know more about our ayurvedic treatment, you can consult us at AyuKarma.